LADP/UN-Habitat supported the setup of tailored Iraq State Land Inventory system (GIS module) in two pilot governorates – Missan and Najaf – as an instrument for effective and coordinated state land management in support of development objectives. The work was completed in close coordination with officials and technical staff of Missan and Najaf Governorates, and local-level Directorates responding to the Ministries of Justice, Municipalities (MoMCHPW) and Planning (MoP).
The State Land Inventory GIS module presents a mechanism for formalised, unified and systematic storage and mapping of data regarding land-use designation, ownership, approximate value, claims, existence of mineral and natural resources, cultural heritage and archaeology, etc. It enables Local Authorities to produce reliable, comprehensive, accurate and digital cadastral information; to maintain, document, preserve and facilitate the use of land property rights; and to monitor land valuation and land revenues.
As such, the GIS module serves to increase local- and national-level capacities for: data collection/analysis and improved land administration; site selection and land allocation for identified development and investment projects – including urban expansions, education poles, etc.; evidence-based outcomes-oriented planning; informed and coordinated decision-making regarding e.g. the opening of new roads, the location of landfill sites, etc.; corporate governance of public assets (with relevance for transparency, accountability, improved efficiency of public spending, elimination of corruption) and improved management of revenues from land; and local-national coordination (“thinking strategically, acting locally”).