Across Iraq, drinking water supply, sanitation and waste management systems face challenges in ensuring inclusive and quality basic community services – largely linked to weak management capacity and lack of financial resources for upgrading of infrastructures. At the same time, informal disposal of solid waste, outdated water supply systems, lack of wastewater treatment works, and poor wastewater disposal methods all impact the environment and human health. KRI Governorates have experienced additional pressure from sharp increase in demand due to displacement.

LADP II provided technical support to the KRG Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism (MoMT-KRG) in development of Service Delivery Improvement Plans in the water, wastewater and waste management sectors and related investment projects. The elaborated documents identify actions to be undertaken by MoMT-KRG at regional and local level to improve basic community services – including institutional development and capacity building measures, and possible sources of international finance to support future projects. As such, they lay the groundwork for short-, mid- and long-term investments. The immediate proposals aim to achieve inter alia improvements in operation and maintenance costs, reduction in waste and recovery of fees. The documents provide a contextually relevant template for developing similar Governorate-level plans.

The work was completed in three phases – data gathering, outline design and final plan – involving participatory consultations with MoMT-KRG and Technical Departments, and mentoring and learning-by-doing work with designated teams in each Governorate to complete assessment of selected facilities and design of works in all three sectors. Each sector Improvement Recommendations document includes (1) background information, (2) sector analysis and mapping of issues, (3) SWOT analysis, (4) recommendations regarding attracting IFI support, and (5) recommendations for improvement of service delivery – including Indicative SDIP.